Among the most influential and the far most reaching innovations of the second industrial revolution was the internal combustion engine. It was first introduced in 1878, and was basically powered by gas and air. This engine led the development in automobiles and airplanes. Without the internal combustion engine there wouldn’t be any inventions. Years later, technology leaped later when a German inventor Karl Benz patented the first automobile in 1866. In that same year, Gottilieb Daimler invented a lightweight automobile engine. Afterwards, Henry ford made his mark by manufacturing the first automobile in 1896. Henry ford perfected the assembly line by making it more efficient and cost effective. His model made it possible to make the model T affordable for every average working American. And because of the ASSEMBLY Line, car frames were brought to workers on CONTINUOUSLY moving conveyor belt.
Wilbur and Orville Wright were American inventors and pioneers of aviation. In 1903 the Wright brothers achieved the first powered, sustained and controlled airplane flight; they surpassed their own milestone two years later when they built and flew the first fully practical airplane. Wilbur and Orville set to work trying to figure out how to design wings for flight. They observed that birds angled their wings for balance and control, and tried to emulate this, developing a concept called “wing warping.” When they added a moveable rudder, the Wright brothers found they had the magic formula-on December 17, 1903, they succeeded in flying the first free, controlled flight of a power-driven, heavier than air plane. Wilbur flew their plane for 59 seconds, at 852 feet, an extraordinary achievement. The Industrial Revolution took place in the 18th and 19th centuries whereby machines started to do the manual and repetitive work previously undertaken by people and more traditional methods like horses. This period is generally reckoned to have passed by about 1830 or 1840. The Wright Brothers flight in 1903 therefore took place in the industrial age and didn't actually affect the Industrial Revolution as currently defined. However, their acheivement was significant in its own right. The Wright Brothers were the first to demonstrate that manned, powered flight could be achieved. Previous attempts had been largely trial and error, using observations from birds, etc., without fully understanding how flight could be maintained and controlled. Although only flying for 12 seconds and covering 120 feet, their aircraft 'Flyer' proved that manned flight was possible and that control surfaces could be used to navigate the aircraft in the air. This started an incredibly rapid development of manned flight leading to the formation of organised military airborne forces within a decade and man landing on the moon within 70 years. Going from the Flyer to a moon landing within one lifespan is an incredible achievement, the roots of which were laid down in a North Carolina sand dune.